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Individualism is embodied in American culture

作者:2017-06-09 23:44阅读:文章来源:论文代写
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  Individualism is a kind of moral, political, and social philosophy which emphasizes personal freedom and independence or importance of human beings as individual. "Man is the measure of all things”, put forward by Ancient Greek philosopher Protagoras,is also an important expression of individualism. In the western countries individualism is considered as the basic values of the society. And individualism, more cherished by Americans, is the basic life principle that they have been pursuing. I hold that individualism is primarily present in such aspects of American culture as daily behaviors, language, family and marriage 
  The reflection of individualism in Americans’ daily behaviors 
  Individualism respects personal life and personal life is protected against interference and probing. Americans will be involved in civil?lawsuits if they gossip to other people’s personal life. Even if there are direct speeches used in American news reports, they are requested to write clearly who said that or who told the author. In America, privacy is the fundamental rights of individuals, so it is offensive that someone takes up other’s private time and space without an appointment. Americans’ idea of publicizing personality is also displayed in their clothes. They dress very casually and freely. In their view, clothing is just a good way to express the character. Americans consider individualism as a sort of near-perfect morality which represents the spirit of independence. For instance, American?children start to sleep alone from birth, not only sleep on a separate bed, but also in a separate room. They can freely express their opinions with “no”, “I think” and so on when they communicate with adults. When they begin to work, they would ask the boss for promotion, if thinking they are talented enough. And, if they are ignored by the boss, they would quit jobs without hesitation. Americans still remain their independence and self-reliance when they are old. Many old people are reluctant to accept help. For example, we always see the elderly carrying lots of things on the bus. Most of them will not be pleased and they will say “no, no, thank you. I can manage” if someone help them at this point. 
  The reflection of individualism in Americans’ language 
  The relationship between language and culture is interdependent. Language reflects the culture, and the culture is displayed by its language. Proverb, one of the language forms most?closely?related to?the culture, can reflect a nation's values, such as: "God help those who help themselves". Abraham Lincoln had a humble?birth and lived a hard life, while he finally became the president of America through self-reliance and hard work and thus became the first model of “self-made man”. Another example, in 1841, Emerson wrote an article whose title was self – reliance. The epigrammatic sentences and passionate individualism in the paper had attracted widespread attention from people. For individualists and those people who pursue their true hearts, Emerson's self - reliance has profound attraction. The two stories constantly inspired generations of young people in the United States. Since then, many words related to “self” such as self-made, self-centered, self-esteem, self-dependence, self-advancement get great popularity among people in America. These words reflect that everyone must depend on themselves and be self-reliant.
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